Shoelaces can be divided into different categories:
- The look: There are round, flat and square laces.
- The manufacturing method: Shoelaces can be braided, woven and also knitted.
- The finishing: There are waxed laces and non-waxed laces.
- The material: Laces can be made out of different materials such as cotton, synthetic fibers or leather.
The lace end:
Since the ends of the lace would fray if they were not closed, there are a few methods to avoid this. In case of synthetic fiber sinks the end is often simply welded together. The needle is often provided with a metal cap. A common method that we also use is to seal the needle with a plastic film, the so-called Cellunadel. In the past, this celluloid needle often consisted of washed-off celluloid foil from old films, but today cellulose acetate foil is mostly used.
The hollow inside of a shoelace is called soul. The soul gives the lace strength and stability. In some cases, the core is made of a particularly tear-resistant material such as polyester or polyamide to improve the tear resistance of the actual material.
Cotton belongs to the category of natural fibers and can absorb a lot of moisture quickly without feeling wet. It is also extremely skin-friendly and has a low allergy potential.
Polyester belongs to the category of man-made fibers and has the highest tear and abrasion resistance of all fiber materials. It also has very good lightfastness and high temperature resistance. Polyester is also extremely easy to care for and dries quickly.
Like polyester, polyamid belongs to the category of chemical fibers and also has a very high tear and abrasion resistance. It is also very elastic, easy to care for and quick drying.
Helanca is a highly elastic, textured polyamide filament yarn and therefore belongs to the category of man-made fibers. It has a high tear and abrasion resistance and is very elastic. Helanca does not absorb much moisture, but dries quickly.
Leather shoelaces are extremely stable and very robust. They can be shortened easily and individually. Even if they are a bit rigid at the beginning, this will settle over time.
Waxed shoelaces are cotton laces that are refined with either paraffin or starch. This refinement makes the laces smoother, more tear-resistant. It gives the laces more shine and a light leather look.